PEAL: The process.

Example Question: In this soliloquy, what is Shakespeare trying reveal about Iago? Example Thesis: Shakespeare is trying to demonstrate that Iago is arrogant

A statement that provides direct support (reasoning) for the essay thesis.

(Like a sub-thesis)

 EG: In this soliloquy, Shakespeare reveals that Iago sees himself as intellectually superior to Roderigo.





An example quote taken directly from the text.

 EG: “Thus do I ever make my fool my purse;”(P.45, L.365)

A series of sentences, which shows how the chosen quote strengthens the argument made in the POINT.

 EG: In this soliloquy, Iago refers to Roderigo as a fool and his property, comparing Roderigo to Iago’s purse, which being intellectually superior he can use however and whenever he decides.

A concluding statement to link the paragraph as a whole to the thesis.

 EG: By showing that Iago sees Roderigo as a fool and “his” property, Shakespeare reveals Iago’s self-assumed intellectual superiority and shows that he is arrogant.

PEAL: Section guidance.

• The point should be summed up in to 1 sentence (2 at the very most). • The point must support the essay thesis.

• Should always be a direct quote from the text in question • No more than 1-2 sentences should be quoted.
• Only quote text that helps to prove the POINT.

• This must show what the quote suggests and explain how it proves the POINT. • This is where the POINT is fully developed, by connecting it to the EVIDENCE.

• Must link the paragraph POINT, EVIDENCE and ANALYSIS back to the Thesis. • Using the words from the thesis in the link is recommended.


With only 1-2 sentences, how can I be sure that I have right details in my POINT?

If you have the all the necessary information in your POINT the reader should be able to read only the POINT and understand what the rest of the paragraph is going to be about.

 The actual development of your POINT should happen in the ANALYSIS, when you connect your EVIDENCE to your POINT.

What do I do if the quote I have chosen to use has grammatical mistakes?

Use it still, but copy it exactly as it is in the original text. Do not change or correct it! What should I do if I have more than one quote to support the same POINT?

You can use more than one quote to support a single POINT, but each piece of EVIDENCE must have its own ANALYSIS and must be effectively connected. EG: A point with two quotes would become PEAEAL.

Do I need to link the paragraph to the POINT before linking it to the thesis?
Yes absolutely, but this should be done in your ANALYSIS section. Your LINK section should be free to connect all other sections of your paragraph to your thesis.

Do I need to use the LINK to connect the paragraph to the essay question?

Not directly! Although, everything you write should help to answer the given essay question, the direct answer to the question should be present in your essay thesis. The argument (PEAL) paragraphs are present to strengthen your thesis, which makes your answer more convincing.

 The process becomes: EVIDENCE → POINT → THESIS = ANSWER. Must I use the words from the thesis in the LINK?

It is not a must! There is no written rule or expectation for you to use terms from the thesis in the LINK, however your LINK must be clearly be connected to the thesis.


Shakespeare (2005). Othello, 2nd ed. Cambridge school Shakespeare, edited by Jane Coles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.